The name of the Tenerife dates back to Pre-Hispanic times and comes from the Guanche terms Chenerfe, Tehinerfe and Echeide – in reference to a white or snow – capped mountain.
Back in ancient times this was a remote island, lying in the far off ends of the earth, dominated by the Teide, enormous snow-capped volcano, which the Romans called Nivaria. Part of an archipelago known as the “Fortune Islands”, early expeditions during the reign of the Mauritanian King Juba II were met the large dogs (canes in Spanish) that once inhabited these lands and from which the Canary Islands take their name.
During his visit to Tenerife on his way from America in 1799 Alexander von Humboldt, considered to be the father of modern geography, was struck by whole island in general and the Orotova Valley in particular. He gave the name to the violet that is unique to the peaks, and which flowers at great altitudes. Indeed, on observing the Orotova Valley from the viewpoint that is today named after him, he wrote:
After having explored the banks of the Orinoco, the mountains of Peru and the truly spectacular valleys of Mexico, I must confess that nowhere have seen a more varied eye-catching and harmonious setting.
When it comes to tourism, Tenerife is unquestionably a pioneering island; its pleasant climate is the perfect solution to the problems of seasonality, making it an ideal year-round destination. Thanks to its marvelous micro cosmos, visitors to the island in the early months of the year can enjoy a pleasant swim on the island`s southern beaches, and just a few minutes later admire the snow-capped peaks of the Teide and even walk through the snow in Corona Forestal Nature Park And all this in area just 84 km long and 54 km wide. Visitors to Tenerife can admire the stunning views of Spain`s highest peak from this natural viewpoint that also commands breathtaking views looking out towards the rest of Canary Islands. Following on from the Teide, we find rural parks of the Teno Massif and Anaga as well as other spaces such as Corona Forestal Nature Park, Tigalga, the Red Mountain, Hell`s Ravine and Rasca and Guimar badlands. In total, these protected areas make up more than 50 per cent of the island`s territory. Yet this island is also home to vast wealth of culture and history. Particularly worthy of mention is San Cristobal de la Laguna, declared a World Heritage City, or Guimar, with its mysterious pyramids. Nor should we overlook the northern towns of La Orotava, Icod de los Vinos and Garachico, or Santa Cruz de Tenerife, the island`s commercial, service and leisure hub and co-capital of the Autonomous Community of Canary Islands. In additional, Tenerife boasts several other major tourist and leisure centres such as Puerto deLa Cruz, on the north side of the island, and resorts of Costa Adeje, Los Cristianos and Playa de las Americas, sun-drenched paradise that are particular favourites with highly demanding Scandinavian tourists. The 400 km of coasts is lined with a wide diversity of beaches, ranging from tiny coves Anaga and Teno to idyllic beaches on the east of island, the stretches of golden sand in the south, or the urban beach of Las Terasitas, in Santa de Tenerife. Yet Tenerife is also famed for its gastronomy, arts and crafts and ancient celebrations such as the Feast Day of the Virgen de la Condelaria.